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Demo: Popup Window (like menu or drop-down windows) (No hooks)

Submitted on: 1/7/2015 3:12:00 PM
By: James Vincent Carnicelli (from psc cd)  
Level: Intermediate
User Rating: By 5 Users
Compatibility: VB 3.0, VB 4.0 (16-bit), VB 4.0 (32-bit), VB 5.0, VB 6.0, VB Script, ASP (Active Server Pages)
Views: 1638
     One of the most common types of a focus-only popup window is the menu. A drop-down list is another example. Both disappear when they lose focus.

Here's a demonstration of how to do that. It doesn't rely on the LostFocus event, which only works within that form's scope. Switch to a different application and your popup would still be visible. Instead, it uses a timer and an API call to check to see if the popup still has global focus. If not, it self-unloads.

While it does act essentially like menu-style popup windows, it's not exactly the same. To do that, I think it's necessary to use an API call to hook into some Windows event that detects a change in overall focus. This technique relies on constantly polling the OS. It also means the form that uses the popup will technically lose focus (big deal). It's generally a little klunky. Still, it works very well.

Thanks go out to MrGTI ( for advice on the basic technique. I encourage anyone who knows the "right" way of doing this to let me know.

Please vote for this code if you like it.

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